Segelocum Archaeology

Roman Town of Segelocum

Please be aware that the site of Segelocum is a Scheduled Ancient Monument, as such the only Archaeology work that can be conducted MUST be in accordance with law covering Scheduled Ancient monuments. For example it is a criminal offence to carry out metal detecting without the permission of English Heritage.

For guidance on the law please see: Guidance for landowners, occupiers and tenant farmers in England and Wales

Many Thanks to the Farmers and Land Owners affected for their kind permissions in allowing the Segelocum Archaeology Group to do the Surveys.

July 2017 we dug the first 3 test pits. The results were outstanding, just over 1 metre deep we discovered a Roman courtyard floor made from stone and animal bones. Above that layer were many sherds of Roman Pottery that are currently being analysed by experts. Equally exiting is that we have now confirmed that some of the pottery is from the 10th century, little is known of the occupation of Littleborough during “Five Boroughs” era other than it’s strategic position would have necessitated occupation. We now have proof positive of this, and the team are very exited about the prospects of discovering more. Sadly no coins were found, which is a disappointment as they would have given firm dates to consider. Many thanks to our Archaeologist Emily Gillott for organising this brilliant few days.  More information and photos are available on the

Initial findings from the geophysical survey

During December the HLF funded geophysical work was carried out at Segelocum and in the surrounding area.  The work was led by Trent and Peak Archaeology and carried out by volunteers from the area and beyond, in some cases in rather inclement weather.  Two types of survey were carried out.  The main type was magnetic survey, which looks for subtle changes in the earth’s magnetic field.  It can cover a wide area fairly quickly, and can detect the presence of walls, ditches, industry, but it is susceptible to interference from stray metal objects.  The other was electrical resistance survey, which detects changes in how an electrical current passes through the soil.  This technique is slower but is not prone to interference in the same way as the magnetic technique.

The raw data collected in December now has to be processed, analysed and interpreted, so the final results won’t be available until early February.  The team at Trent and Peak have sent the following initial comments about the survey:

‘The magnetic survey was more successful than the electrical-resistance, and with its greater extent has produced some exciting results. We have a fairly clear plan of the Roman town, particularly within the Scheduled area, and can define the line of the Roman road heading west from Segelocum towards Doncaster.’

We’re really pleased to hear that it has worked so well, and look forward to being able to share the results with you in due cours

Stone Survey

The idea behind this is that there must have been a lot of stonework associated with the Roman town, and the likelihood is that some of this will have been reused in and around the Sturton Ward Villages near to Littleborough.  If you have stonework in your garden or local area, we would like to see it!  There’s a chance some of it might be Roman.  We would like to photograph and record as much of the stonework around the village as possible.  If you have something you think might be of interest, please get in touch. Please email us on admin@sturtonward.org.uk  A brief description and location would suffice, we will then contact you.

Aerial images of the Roman Town and the Road to Sturton le Steeple

Test Pits excavation

Geophysics Surveys

Geophysics Survey result samples

Some of the pottery sherds from the project. All sorted, identified and being catalogued.

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